District Court Procedures
The FTC filed a grievance against Lanier, Robles, Rennick, Lanier Law, plus the D.C. organizations, alleging which they had marketed and sold home loan support relief solutions in breach of Section 5(a) associated with the Federal Trade Commission Act (FTCA), 4 the home loan Assistance Relief solutions Rule (legislation O) (MARS Rule), 5 together with Telemarketing product Sales Rule (TSR). 6 especially, the FTC alleged the defendants had misrepresented their capability to acquire home loan changes, charged consumers advance charges, didn’t add disclosures that are required their communications, initiated calls in breach regarding the TSR, and neglected to spend the necessary charges to get into the nationwide Do-Not-Call list.
The FTC relocated for summary judgment, as well as the district court granted the movement. The court figured the defendants violated part 5 for the FTCA by simply making material misrepresentations that caused consumer that is substantial and also by breaking the MARS Rule therefore the TSR. The region court determined that the defendants violated the MARS Rule once they demanded and received costs for his or her solutions ahead of performing any work; misrepresented the probability of getting that loan modification, particularly with regards to reductions in monthly obligations, interest levels, and major balances; and neglected to make disclosures that are proper. Finally, the court determined that Lanier had been independently responsible for the functions regarding the business entities. 7 The district court determined that their authority and control of the defendants along with his familiarity with their methods put him вЂњsquarely during the center with this misleading enterprise,вЂќ making him individually responsible for the misconduct. Purchase at 72-74 (Doc. 281).
On August 12, 2016, the region court joined an injunction that is permanent Lanier and their co-defendants. The region court additionally joined judgment in support of the FTC into the quantity of $13,586,713. This might be Lanier’s appeal. 8
On October 10, 2016, Lanier filed a prompt notice of appeal, for which he known himself and also the entities comprising Lanier Law once the вЂњLanier DefendantsвЂќ:
Defendant, Lanier Law, et al., hereinafter the вЂњLanier Defendants,вЂќ hereby appeals into the usa Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit through the last judgment for the District Court dated August 12, 2016 plus the purchase of July 7, 2016 вЂ¤
Notice of Appeal (Doc. 303). Following the appeal had been docketed, Lanier attempted to enter an look with respect to himself and Lanier Law in this Court, nevertheless the form was returned by the Clerk unfiled because Lanier’s application for admission when you look at the Eleventh Circuit club was in fact denied.
As a result, on November 29, 2016, Lanier filed an amended notice of appeal within the region court:
Defendant, Michael W. Lanier, Esq, separately, вЂ¤ hereby appeals into the united states of america Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit вЂ¤ Lanier is admitted to train ahead of the Federal District Court, but ended up being rejected admission to rehearse within the 11th Circuit Court of Appeals also as pro vice that is hac here.
Am. Notice of Appeal (Doc. 309). In a page to your Court, Lanier explained that their amended appeal was meant to вЂњreflectвЂќ which he would вЂњrepresent himself, pro se, and therefore best payday loan Maryville none regarding the corporate (Lanier) defendants would join him within the appeal.вЂќ Lanier Law ended up being dismissed through the appeal.
As the appeal had been pending, this Court asked the events to deal with whether Lanier’s 29, 2016, amended notice of appeal was timely to appeal from the district court’s final judgment on behalf of Lanier personally november. After briefing by both events, the Court determined it was perhaps perhaps maybe not, but reserved the concern of whether Lanier’s October 10, 2016 notice on the part of вЂњLanier Law, et al.вЂќ perfected their appeal inside the individual capability.